Identifying the technical and tactical characteristics of Olympic medallists in karate

Main Article Content

Reza Seyedi
Montassar Tabben
Dusana Augustovicova
Peter Laird
Dacho Zhang
Ren Xiao Feng


This study primarily aimed to conduct an observational analysis of Olympic finalists’ performance to determine the patterns and characteristics of karate at the highest level of competition. Due to the need for a complete analytical system, we can use this study to create useful information about the planning process based on winning strategies. The research is based on an analysis of athletes who go to the final of the Tokyo Olympic Games. Thirty fights in the male competition were analysed. Prevalence, percentage frequency, and nonparametric tests were used (Fisher’s exact test, the likelihood ratio test, and Pearson’s chi-square test) for data analysis. Quantity indicators showed that male karate athletes tend to use upper limb karate techniques (53.70%) more than lower limb (35.65%) and a combination (upper and lower or lower and upper limb 10.65%). The difference in scoring by two tactical models of attack and counterattack was significant, and 69.2% of the points were scored by attacking. Moreover, the results suggest a predominant scoring technique using the Kisami-Tsuki model has the highest number of attacks. Considering these characteristics can provide important indicators for technical and tactical coaches and physical trainers to design special training conditions for their athletes.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Seyedi, R., Tabben, M., Augustovicova, D., Laird, P., Zhang, D., & Feng, R. X. (2024). Identifying the technical and tactical characteristics of Olympic medallists in karate. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise , 19(3), 690-701.
Olympic Section
Author Biographies

Reza Seyedi, Henan University

Department of Sport Science and Training.

Dusana Augustovicova, Comenius University

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport.

Peter Laird, Edinburgh Napier University

School of Applied Sciences.

Dacho Zhang, Henan University

Department of Sport Science and Training.

Ren Xiao Feng, Henan Olympic Centre

Department of Sport Science and Training.

How to Cite

Seyedi, R., Tabben, M., Augustovicova, D., Laird, P., Zhang, D., & Feng, R. X. (2024). Identifying the technical and tactical characteristics of Olympic medallists in karate. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise , 19(3), 690-701.


Alinaghipour, M.; Zareian, E. 2020. Scoring Techniques in Karate Kumite: The Scoring Techniques in the Final Competitions of the Karate World Championships. Ann Appl Sport Sci, 8(2), e760.

Ashker, S. E. 2011.Technical and tactical aspects that differentiate winning and losing performances in boxing. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11(2), 356-364.

Chaabène, H.; Franchini, E.; Miarka, B.' Selmi, M. A.; Mkaouer, B.; Chamari, K. 2014. Time-motion analysis and physiological responses to karate official combat sessions: Is there a difference between winners and defeated karatekas. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(2), 302-308.

Costa, I. A. 2013. The planning models of sports training in the 20th century (Spanish language). Revista Electrónica de Ciencias Aplicadas Al Deporte, 6(22), 1-8.

Frigout, J.; Laporte, R.; Lepresle, A. 2017. Modelling and sporting performance in karate. Journal of Sports Science, 5, 332-339.

Hill-Haas, SV.; Dawson, B.; Impellizzeri, FM.; Coutts, AJ. 2011. Physiology of small-sided games training in football: a systematic review. Sports Med, 41(3):199-220.

Jovanovic, S.; Milosevic, M. 1992. Time structure of interception, defence, and counterattack at karate masters [in Serbian]. Phys Cult Belgrade, 3, 213-217.

Jovanovic, S.; Mudric, R. 2003. Analysis of rule changes in judging in karate from the aspect of frequency of pointing techniques. Collection of works Science and Karate sport, Karate Federation of Vojvodina, Novi Sad. (In Serbian).

Jukić, J.; Čavala, M.; Katić, R.; Zagorac, N.; Blažević, S. 2017. Morphological, motor, and technical determinants of fighting efficiency in Croatian cadet karate athletes. Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts, 8(2), 127-134.

Keith, J.; Dapena, J. 2008. A comparison of the reverse and power punches in oriental martial arts. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26: 189-196.

Koropanovski, N.; Jovanovic, S. 2008. Characteristics of pointing actions of top male competitors in karate at world and European level. Brazilian Journal of Bio motricity, ISSN: 1981-6324.

Koropanovski, N.; Jovanovic, S. 2007. Model characteristics of combat in elite male karate competitors. Serbian J Sport Sci ,1(3), 97-115.

Laird, P.; McLeod, K. 2009. Notational analysis of scoring technique in competitive men's karate. Int J Perform Anal Sport, 9(2), 171-187.

Lystad, RP; Augustovičová, D; Harris G. 2020. Epidemiology of injuries in Olympic-style karate competitions: systematic review and meta-analysis.British Journal of Sports Medicine ,54:976-983.

Mudric, R. 2001. Model of time parameter of attack in karate. Security, Belgrade, 1, 91-116 (in Serbian).

O'Donoghue, P. 2010. Research methods for sports performance analysis. London: Routledge. Routledge.

Ouergui, I.; Hssin, N.; Franchini, E.; Gmada, N.; Bouhlel, E. 2013. Technical and tactical analysis of high-level kickboxing matches. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13(2), 294-309.

Reza, S.; Yaping, Z.; Siavash, Kh.; Dominique, S.; Ahad, A.; Qu, Y. 2021. Identifying Keys to Win in the World Karate Championship. Ann Appl Sport Sci, 9(2), e936. e-ISSN: 2322-4479.

Romanovitch, M. 2020. Tactical and technical performance analysis of the male 65 KG category at the Brazilian. Shotokan karate championship. J Phys Educ, 31, e3106.

Silva, J. J.; Del Vecchio, F.; Picanço, L.; Takito, M. Y.; Franchini, E. 2011. Time-Motion analysis in MuayThai and Kick- Boxing amateur matches. Journal of Human Sport & Exercise, 6(3), 490-496.

Smith, M.S.; Cotterill S.T.; &Brown, H. 2020. An interpretative phenomenological analysis of performance influencing factors within the practice environment. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20(4).

Solé, J. 2015. Sports training theory (Spanish WKF) New kata and kumite rules [version 8.0; online].

Tabben, M.; Bianca, M.; Karim, Ch.; Ralph, B. 2018. Decisive Moment: A Metric to Determine Success in Elite Karate Bouts. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 1, 13(8), 1000-1004.

World Karate Federation. 2019. Karate competition rules.

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.